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Independence day of the Republic of Malta

Malta, island country located in the central Mediterranean Sea. A small but strategically important group of islands, the archipelago has through its long and turbulent history played a vital role in the struggles of a succession of powers for domination of the Mediterranean and in the interplay between emerging Europe and the older cultures of Africa and the Middle East. As a result, Maltese society has been molded by centuries of foreign rule by various powers, including the Phoenicians, Romans, Greeks, Arabs, Normans, Sicilians, Swabians, Aragonese, Hospitallers, French, and British. The island of Malta specifically played a vital strategic role in World War II as a base for the Allied Powers. It was heavily bombarded by German and Italian aircraft, and by the end of the war Malta was devastated. In 1942 the island of Malta was presented with the George Cross, a British award for great gallantry, in recognition of the wartime bravery of the Maltese people. After the war, the movement for self-governance became stronger. The country of Malta became independent from Britain and joined the Commonwealth in 1964 and was declared a republic on December 13, 1974. It was admitted to the European Union (EU) in 2004. A European atmosphere predominates in Malta as a result of close association with the Continent, particularly with southern Europe. The Maltese are renowned for their warmth, hospitality, and generosity to strangers, a trait that was noted in the Acts of the Apostles, with respect to the experience of St. Paul, the Apostle, who was said to have been shipwrecked off Malta in 60 ce. Roman Catholicism is a major influence on Maltese culture. Various traditions have evolved around religious celebrations, notably those honouring the patron saints of towns and villages. The eight-pointed, or Maltese, cross, adopted by the Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem in 1126, is commonly linked with Malta’s identity and is printed on the country’s euro coin. Valletta is the capital city. Land The country comprises five islands—Malta (the largest), Gozo, Comino, and the uninhabited islets of Kemmunett (Comminotto) and Filfla—lying some 58 miles (93 km) south of Sicily, 180 miles (290 km) north of Libya, and about 180 miles (290 km) east of Tunisia, at the eastern end of the constricted portion of the Mediterranean Sea separating Italy from the African coast. Relief The islands of Malta are dominated by limestone formations, and much of their coastlines consist of steep or vertical limestone cliffs indented by bays, inlets, and coves. They lie on the submerged Malta-Hyblean Platform, a wide undersea shelf bridge that connects the Ragusa Platform of southern Sicily with the Tripolitana Platform of southern Libya. The main physical characteristic of the island of Malta is a well-defined escarpment that bisects it along the Victoria Lines Fault running along the whole breadth of the island from Point ir-Raħeb near Fomm ir-Riħ Bay to the coast northeast of Għargħur at Madliena Fort. The highest areas are coralline limestone uplands that constitute a triangular plateau; Ta’ Żuta, which rises to 830 feet (253 metres) in the southwest, is the highest point. The uplands are separated from the surrounding areas by blue clay slopes, while an undercliff area is found where the coralline plateau has fallen and forms a subordinate surface between the sea and the original shore. The total shoreline of Malta is about 136 miles (219 km). In northern Malta the escarpment is occasionally abrupt and broken by deep embayments. To the south, however, the plateau gradually descends from about 600 to 830 feet (180 to 250 metres) into undulating areas of globigerina (derived from marine protozoa) limestone less than 300 feet (90 metres) in elevation. The western area is characterized by deeply incised valleys and undercliff areas, while to the east there are several valley systems that descend to the central plains. The west coast of Malta presents a high, bold, and generally harbourless face. On the east, however, a tongue of high ground known as Mount Sceberras, on which the capital city, Valletta, is built, separates Marsamxett Harbour and Grand Harbour. Because of tectonic activity, Malta has been tilted in a northerly direction, producing cliffs of up to about 800 feet (250 metres) high on the south and southwestern coasts, while slopes descend to low cliffs and rocky shores on the northern and eastern coasts. The landscape of the island of Gozo is characterized by broken upper coralline mesas, with the highest point being Ta’ Dbiegi Hill (636 feet [194 metres]). Gozo has a gentle easterly dip, so the lower coralline limestone, which forms high cliffs on the west coast, declines to below sea level but reappears on the east coast at Qala Point. Semicircular bays have formed on coastal cliffs where sinkholes have been invaded by the sea. The rounded bays at Xlendi and Dwejra on the west coast of Gozo originated as underground caverns with roofs that have collapsed. Drainage The island of Malta possesses favourable conditions for the percolation and underground storage of water. The impermeable blue clays provide two distinct water tables between the limestone formations—the perched and the mean sea-level aquifer. The principal source for the public supply of water has for several centuries been the main sea-level water table. The absence of permanent streams or lakes and a considerable runoff into the sea, however, have made water supply a problem, which has been addressed with an intensive reverse-osmosis desalination program. About half of Malta’s daily water needs are supplied by desalination plants throughout the islands. Soils Mainly young or immature and thin, Maltese soils generally lack humus, and a high carbonate content gives them alkaline properties. Human settlement and construction developments have altered the distribution and composition of soils. The Fertile Soil (Preservation) Act of 1973 requires that, when soils are removed from construction sites, they be taken to agricultural areas, and level stretches in quarries are often covered with carted soil. Climate of Malta The climate of Malta is typically Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers, warm and sporadically wet autumns, and short, cool winters with adequate rainfall. More than three-fourths of the total annual rainfall of about 22 inches (550 mm) falls between October and March; June, July, and August are normally quite dry. The temperature is very stable, with the annual mean in the mid-60s F (about 19 °C) and monthly averages ranging from the mid-50s F (about 12 °C) to the mid-80s F (about 29 °C). Winds can be strong and frequent; the most prevalent are the cool northwesterly (the majjistral), the dry northeasterly (the grigal), and the hot and humid southeasterly (the xlokk, or sirocco). The relative humidity rarely falls below 40 percent. More … Score: https://www.britannica.com/place/Malta

Spotkanie Marszałka Senatu RP z ambasador Malty

11 stycznia 2022 r. Marszałek Senatu prof. Tomasz Grodzki przyjął nowo mianowaną Ambasador Republiki Malty Marię Assuntę Farrugię. Na spotkaniu omówiono działania, które będzie podejmowała maltańska placówka dyplomatyczna w Warszawie w celu zacieśnienia relacji polsko-maltańskich. Zakres tych działań będzie obejmował m.in. wsparcie współpracy pomiędzy parlamentarnymi grupami bilateralnymi w Sejmie i Senacie RP oraz w Izbie Reprezentantów Republiki Malty.

Presentation of Letters of Credence of H.E. Marisa Farrugia, Ambassador of the Republic of Malta, to H.E. Andrzej Duda, President of the Republic of Poland

Dr Marisa Farrugia presented her Letters of Credence as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Malta to the President of the Republic of Poland, H.E. Andrzej Duda at the Belvedere Palace on the 25th October 2021. During her exchange with H.E. the President, Her Excellency Dr Farrugia recalled the excellent relations between the two countries as well as the mutual desire to further strengthen bilateral cooperation in several existing areas through dialogue and visits.

Ir-Rappreżentanta Permanenti tħabbar kontribuzzjoni volontarja minn Malta għall-Programm COVID-19 tal-IAEA

Malta u l-IAEA ġeddew ir-relazzjoni eċċellenti tagħhom wara li l-.E.T Natasha Meli Daudey, ir-Rappreżentanta Permanenti ta' Malta għall-Organizzazzjonijiet Internazzjonali ta' Vjenna ltaqgħet mad-Direttur Ġenerali tal-IAEA, Rafael Mariano Grossi fl-uffiċċini tal-IAEA fi Vjenna. Matul il-laqgħa, l-Ambaxxatriċi Meli Daudey enfasizzat l-importanza tal-Aġenzija fil-ħidma tagħha, speċjalment fl-aħħar ftit xhur, fejn 121 Stat Membru ġew megħjuna, fil-ġlieda tagħhom kontra COVID-19.

Embassy of Malta in Warsaw marks the the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia

The Ambassador of Malta to Poland - HE Dr. John Paul Grech - joined other ambassadors in Warsaw in highlighting the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia on May 17th - strongly urging for the end violence and discrimination experienced against people with diverse sexual orientations, gender identities or expressions, and sex characteristics. The Embassy reiterated in its message that 'Human rights are universal and everyone, including LGBTI persons, are entitled to their full enjoyment'.

Organizacje i instytucje kultury