Restoration of Armenian Independence: Third Republic of 1991
Proceeding from the provisions of 1990 August 23 Armenian Declaration of Independence, the National Assembly decided to hold a referendum on September 21, 1991, to leave the USSR and declaring independence. Based on the results of the referendum, the Supreme Council declared Armenia an independent state. The centuries-long dream of the Armenian nation to reinstate independence came true. On October 16, nationwide presidential elections were held in Armenia, as a result of which, Levon Ter-Petrosyan was elected as the first president of the republic. On December 8, 1991, in Belovezhskaya Puscha (near Minsk) the leaders of the three Slavic states (Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus) signed an agreement on seizing the existence of the USSR. Simultaneously the sides declared the creation of a new entity of international cooperation, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS.) The Republic of Armenia was he first among the former Soviet republics to respond to the Minsk agreement welcoming the creation of CIS and expressed its willingness to join the organization. On December 21 of the same year 11 independent states (former soviet republics) signed an agreement in Alma-Ata about the creation of CIS. This marked the final collapse of the USSR and the independence of the Soviet Republics. Shortly after declaring independence the Republic of Armenia received universal international recognition. Thus began the process of state-building of the Armenian Republic. One of the most important events of the state-political and public life of the Republic was the adoption of the RA Constitution that took place on July 5, 1995. It contributed to and greatly strengthened the legal bases of transition from a totalitarian system to a democratic state. In the context of the war unleashed by Azerbaijan, the security of the population of Nagorno Karabakh became a priority alongside the issue of preserving the independence of the Armenian nation-state, whose guarantee could only be the creation of an efficient military. In the period of 1992-1993 with the unification of Yerkrapah Voluntary Detachments and army conscripts the Armenian National Army was created. On January 28, 1992, the Government adopted the historical decision on RA Ministry of Defense. The regular military units were formed generally based on the Soviet Army. Hundreds of Armenian officers, that have served in various branches of the Soviet Army, returned to Armenia. Special attention was paid given to the combat readiness and improvement. Another important event contributing to the raising of public and political activism were the presidential elections that took place on September 22, 1996. These elections were held amid active political struggle. For the second time, Levon Ter-Petrosyan was elected as the president of the republic. The alienation between the authorities and public following the 1996 elections as well as the internal political crisis led to the resignation of the president in 1998. In March of the same year the main struggle during the snap presidential elections was between Robert Kocharyan, the Prime Minister of Armenia and Karen Demirchyan, the former First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Armenia who had recently returned to the political arena. Robert Kocharyan was elected the President of the Republic. The Unity alliance became the victor in the March 30, 1999 parliamentary elections, that took place amid quite active political struggle. Karen Demirchyan was elected the president of the National Assembly, while Vazgen Sargsyan was appointed as the Prime Minister. The domestic political situation worsened unprecedentedly with October 27, 1999 terrorist act, as a result of which were murdered the Prime Minister, the President of the National Assembly, NA Deputy Presidents and deputies. It was a heavy and unexpected blow to the (Armenian) statehood and democracy. Nevertheless, the political leadership was able to gradually stabilize the situation. The fourth presidential elections of Armenia were held of February 19, 2003. Robert Kocharyan was reelected. The next parliamentary elections took place on May 25, 2003, as a result of which not one party received an absolute majority and form a government on its own and, thus, for the first time in the history of the Third Republic, three parties that had received the most votes, the Republican Party of Armenia (RPA,) the Orinats Yerkir (OEK,) and the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (AFD,) formed a political coalition and jointly formed a cabinet. Andranik Margaryan, the Chairman of the Board of the Republican Party of who had already been holding that office since 2000, was elected a Prime Minister. On November 27, 2005, the new reformed version of the RA Constitution. On May 12, 2007 took place amid a climate of high political activity the parliamentary elections of the fourth convocation of the National Assembly, where, according to the system of proportional representation, the Republican Party of Armenia received the majority of votes, followed by the “Prosperous Armenia” and the Armenian Revolutionary Federation. As a result of the elections, with the assistance of the RA President, an agreement of creating a political coalition was signed between the parties. Those three parties formed the new government of the Republic of Armenia. Serzh Sargsyan was appointed a Prime Minister. The fifth presidential elections of the Republic of Armenia took place on February 19, 2008. Serzh Sargsyan was elected as the President of the Republic of Armenia. The results of the presidential elections were challenged by the leader of the fundamental faction of the opposition, Levon Ter-Petrosyan. On February 20, the opposition initiated rallies that developed into clashes between the opposition and the law enforcement on March 1-2. Initiated by the newly-elected president with the purpose of enstating reforms in the republic and ensuring an atmosphere of solidarity in the society the four parties with the most votes in the RA National Assembly signed a new agreement of political coalition, assuming responsibility for the future activities of the government. Tigran Sargsyan was appointed as the Prime Minister. Later, on April 22, 2009, the ARF quit the coalition. The parliamentary elections of the fifth convocation of the National Assembly took place on May 6, 2012, resulting in RPA receiving 44% of the votes according to the system of proportional representation. RPA and OEK form a new coalition assuming the the responsibility of the political, economic and social development of the Republic of Armenia. Tigran Sargsyan was appointed the Prime Minister. On February 18, 2013, Serzh Sargsyan is reelected as a result of presidential elections. Starting April 13, 2014, Hovik Abrahamyan leads the Government of the Republic of Armenia. In April of the Same year, OEK quits the coalition joining the opposition. On December 6, 2015, a new reformed version of the Constitution is adopted through a referendum, according to which the Republic of Armenia underwent a transition to a parliamentary form of government. Starting September 13, 2016, Karen Karapetryan assumed the office of the head of the RA government, holding that position until April 17, 2018. According to the new Constitution, on March 2, 2018, the National Assembly elected Armen Sarkissian, the former ambassador of the Republic of Armenia to Great Britain as the President of the Republic of Armenia. Armen Sarkissian assumed the presidency on April 9, 2018. According to the new Constitution, the next election of the RA Prime Minister were held by the National Assembly, as a result of which, on April 17, 2018, Serzh Sargsyan was elected the Prime Minister. However, as a result of an opposition movement that had started in April, that government survived only seven days, becoming the shortest government in the history of Armenia. On May 8, 2018, the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia elected Nikol Pashinyan, the leader of “Yelq” (Exit) parliamentary bloc, as the Prime Minister. Score: https://www.mfa.am/en/history/
Spotkanie Marszałek Sejmu z ambasadorem Armenii
We wtorek 18 lutego 2020 roku wizytę u marszałek Sejmu Elżbiety Witek złożył ambasador Republiki Armenii Samvel Mkrtchian. Wśród głównych tematów rozmowy były współpraca dwustronna, kontakty parlamentarne i wymiana gospodarcza. Elżbieta Witek podkreśliła, że Armenia jest dla Polski ważnym partnerem w regionie Kaukazu Południowego. Zwróciła uwagę na potencjał współpracy w sferze wymiany gospodarczej i wzajemnych inwestycji i zapewniła o gotowości wsparcia Armenii w przeprowadzaniu szerokich reform modernizacyjnych. Przypomniała też o trudnych reformach przeprowadzonych w Polsce na przestrzeni ostatnich 30 lat.
Ambasador Armenii gościem wicemarszałka Grzegorza Macko
Samvel Mkrtchian, Ambasador Armenii w Polsce, po raz pierwszy odwiedził Dolny Śląsk. Tematami rozmów były turystyka, gospodarka, a także możliwości rozwinięcia współpracy międzyregionalnej między Polską i Armenią. Gospodarzem spotkania był wicemarszałek Grzegorz Macko. Ambasador rozpoczął karierę dyplomatyczną w 1991 r. jako specjalista ds. Państw skandynawskich i bałtyckich w Departamencie Europejskim Ministerstwa Spraw Zagranicznych.
Wizyta Ambasadora Republiki Armenii
Współpraca w zakresie gospodarki, kultury i turystyki były głównymi tematami rozmów podczas spotkania Marszałka Jarosława Stawiarskiego z Ambasadorem Republiki Armenii w Polsce, Samvelem Mkrtchianem. W trakcie spotkania omówiono także kwestię współpracy międzyregionalnej. Marszałek Stawiarski nawiązał do potencjału Województwa Lubelskiego wskazując, że Lubelszczyzna to prężny ośrodek produkcji ekologicznej żywności. Marszałek zauważył również, że dzięki finalizowanym projektom infrastrukturalnym, m.in. drodze S17 i S19, Województwo Lubelskie staje się atrakcyjnym punktem inwestycyjnym na mapie Polski.
Ambasador Armenii z wizytą w Krakowie
15 maja 2019 r. Samvel Mkrtchian, Ambasador Nadzwyczajny i Pełnomocny Republiki Armenii pełniący misję w Polsce od listopada 2018 r. złożył pierwszą kurtuazyjną wizytę w gabinecie Prezydenta Miasta Krakowa. ematy rozmowy koncentrowały się wokół spraw gospodarczych i turystyki. Pan Ambasador jest zainteresowany metodami zarządzania miastem kultury i dziedzictwa, które równoc . . .