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Kandy - "A city still evoking a bygone era"



International Tea Day is a United Nations observance celebrated annually on May 21 to express the economical, biological and physical benefits of tea. It was inaugurated by the General Assembly and essentially replaced the unofficial observance of the same name, which used to be celebrated on December 15 in tea producing countries. The observance of International Tea Day is promoted and facilitated by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization in collaboration with other relevant organizations and stakeholders.

All Inclusive Travel Magazine – Interview with Ms. Kimarli Fernando – Chairperson – Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority

Interview in English follows the Polish translation. Full 15 page Sri Lanka promotion article copied below.


Independence Day of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, formerly Ceylon, island country lying in the Indian Ocean and separated from peninsular India by the Palk Strait. It is located between latitudes 5°55′ and 9°51′ N and longitudes 79°41′ and 81°53′ E and has a maximum length of 268 miles (432 km) and a maximum width of 139 miles (224 km). Proximity to the Indian subcontinent has facilitated close cultural interaction between Sri Lanka and India from ancient times. At a crossroads of maritime routes traversing the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka has also been exposed to cultural influences from other Asian civilizations. Ancient Greek geographers called it Taprobane. Arabs referred to it as Serendib. Later European mapmakers called it Ceylon, a name still used occasionally for trade purposes. It officially became Sri Lanka in 1972. The distinctive civilization of Sri Lanka, with roots that can be traced back to the 6th century bce, is characterized by two factors: the preservation of Theravada Buddhism (the orthodox school of Buddhism having its literary traditions in the Pali language) and the development over two millennia of a sophisticated system of irrigation in the drier parts of the country. This civilization was further enriched by the influences of Hinduism and Islam. In 1948, after nearly 150 years of British rule, Sri Lanka became an independent country, and it was admitted to the United Nations seven years later. The country is a member of the Commonwealth and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. Colombo, which emerged as the main urban centre during British rule, remains the executive and judicial capital of Sri Lanka; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte, a Colombo suburb, is the legislative capital. For administrative purposes, the country has been divided into nine provinces and subdivided into 25 districts. Sri Lanka is densely populated. The majority of its people are poor, live in rural areas, and depend on agriculture for their livelihood. A physical environment of wide-ranging diversity makes Sri Lanka one of the world’s most scenic countries. As the home of several ethnic groups, each with its own cultural heritage, Sri Lanka also has a highly varied cultural landscape. Land of Sri Lanka – Relief A roughly triangular mountainous area known as the Central Highlands occupies the south-central region of Sri Lanka and is the heart of the country. This highland mass is surrounded by a diverse plain, the general elevation of which ranges from sea level to about 1,000 feet (300 metres). This plain accounts for about five-sixths of the country’s total area. The Central Highlands have a highly dissected terrain consisting of a unique arrangement of plateaus, ridges, escarpments, intermontane basins, and valleys. Sri Lanka’s highest mountains—Pidurutalagala at 8,281 feet (2,524 metres), Kirigalpotta at 7,858 feet, and Adam’s Peak (Sri Pada) at 7,559 feet—are found in this area. The highlands, except on their western and southwestern flanks, are sharply defined by a series of escarpments, the most spectacular being the so-called World’s End, a near-vertical precipice of about 4,000 feet. The plain that surrounds the Central Highlands does not have an entirely flat and featureless terrain. To the north and northeast of the highlands, the plain is traversed by low ridges that decrease in altitude as they approach the coast. The western and southwestern parts of the plain feature alternating ridges and valleys running parallel to the coast and increasing in elevation toward the interior to merge imperceptibly with the highland mass. Elsewhere the flatness of the plain is sporadically interrupted by rocky buttes and mounds, some of which reach elevations of more than 1,000 feet. The plain is fringed by a coast consisting mostly of sandy beaches, spits, and lagoons. Over a few stretches of the coast there are rocky promontories and cliffs, deep-water bays, and offshore islets. Geologically, the island of Sri Lanka is considered a southerly extension of peninsular India (the Deccan), with which it shares a continental shelf and some of its basic lithologic and geomorphic characteristics. Hard, crystalline rock formations, such as granite, gneisses, khondalite (a type of metamorphic rock), and quartzite, make up about nine-tenths of the island’s surface and subsurface. Drainage The surface drainage of Sri Lanka is made up of about 100 “rivers,” most of which are mere wet-season rivulets. Twelve major rivers account for about 75 percent of the mean annual river discharge of the country, with those that flow entirely through the Wet Zone (the highlands and the southwestern part of the country; see below) carrying about half the total discharge. With the exception of the 208-mile-long Mahaweli River, all major rivers flow radially from the Central Highlands to the sea. The Mahaweli, which originates on the western slopes of the highest areas of the highlands, follows a circuitous route in its upper reaches before it enters the plain to the east of the highlands and then flows toward the northeast coast. Because a part of its catchment is well within the Wet Zone, this river has a larger and less seasonally varied flow than the other Dry Zone rivers and so is a major asset for irrigation in the drier parts of the country (the Dry Zone includes the northern part of the country and much of the east and southeast; see below). Soils Variations of soil within Sri Lanka reflect the effects of climate, lithology, and terrain on the soil-forming processes. The climatic influences are reflected in the dominance of red-yellow podzolic soils (leached lateritic soils) in the Wet Zone and of reddish brown earths (nonlateritic loamy soils) in the Dry Zone. In parts of the Central Highlands there are reddish brown latosolic soils (partially laterized soils) or immature brown loams (clayey loams). Among the other important soil types are the alluvials that occur along the lower courses of rivers and the regosols (sandy soils) of the coastal tracts. Most of the soils of Sri Lanka are potentially suitable for some kind of agricultural use. However, depletion of the natural fertility of the soil has occurred extensively, especially on the rugged terrain of the highlands, owing to poor soil conservation. Climate Sri Lanka’s tropical location ensures perennially high temperatures, with monthly averages between 72 °F (22 °C) and 92 °F (33 °C) in the lowlands. In the Central Highlands, higher altitudes account for lower temperatures, with monthly averages between 44 °F (7 °C) and 71 °F (21.6 °C). Rainfall is the conspicuous factor in the seasonal and diurnal variations of the climate of Sri Lanka. Most parts of the country receive an average annual rainfall of more than 50 inches (1,270 mm). However, regional differences in the amount of rain, its seasonality, and its variability and effectiveness have formed the basis of a distinction in Sri Lanka between a Wet Zone and a Dry Zone. In the former area, which covers the southwestern quadrant of the island (including the highlands), the rainfall is heavy (annual averages range from 98 inches along the coast to more than 150 inches in the highlands) and seasonally well distributed (although a greater part of the rain comes from the southwest monsoon from May to September). Rainfall deviates relatively little each year from the annual averages and is effective enough to maintain soil moisture and surface drainage throughout the year. Over the rest of the island—the Dry Zone—annual totals of rain range from 30 to 70 inches in the different areas (much of it being received during the northeast monsoon season from November to January). Droughts that persist for more than three months are common. Plant and animal life Sri Lanka’s natural vegetation covers about one-third of the total land area. The climax vegetation (i.e., natural vegetation permitted to develop uninterrupted) in most parts of the country is forest. In the Wet Zone, tropical wet evergreen forest dominates in the lowlands, and submontane and montane evergreen forests prevail in the highlands. The Dry Zone has a climax vegetation of dry evergreen forest and moist deciduous forest, with forests giving way to a stunted, shrubby, xerophytic (drought-tolerant) vegetation in its driest parts. In the highest areas of the Central Highlands, forests tend to be sparse and interspersed with grasslands. Most of Sri Lanka’s climax vegetation cover has been heavily depleted by extensive clearing of forests for settlements, extraction of timber, and agriculture. Only the Sinharaja forest and the Peak Wilderness of the southwestern interior remain as significant remnants of the Wet Zone’s original evergreen forests. The forests found in most parts of the Dry Zone are secondary vegetation, which probably developed after hundreds of years of repeated clearing and cultivation. More … Source: https://www.britannica.com/place/Sri-Lanka    


Sri Lanka is Birds and ornithologist’s paradise, of the 435 recorded species, 230 are resident, and no less that 23 are endemic to the island. Most of the endemic birds are restricted to the wet zone. Others can be found throughout the island, although confined to small areas of humid forests.

Urlopowy hit Polaków na 2022 rok? Pięknie, upalnie i tanio

Tropical paradise Sri Lanka, the number one destination for Polish winter travellers. Pięknie, ciepło i wcale nie tak drogo. Sri Lanka coraz bardziej kusi turystów, a Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT właśnie dodały kolejne połączenie na trasie Warszawa-Kolombo. Szykuje się nowy urlopowy hit Polaków, który przebije Zanzibar?

LOT Polish Airlines resumes direct flights to Sri Lanka in December

In a fresh boost to early revival of post-COVID tourism, LOT Polish Airlines will resume direct flights to Sri Lanka from 7 December. Lot Polish will fly twice weekly to Colombo until the end of the winter season. Sri Lanka Ambassador in Poland Dhammika Kumari Semasinghe met with LOT Polish Airlines Chief Commercial Officer and Board Member Michal Fijol yesterday and welcomed the resumption of the carrier’s services to Colombo.

New Ambassador-designate assumes duties

Tourism Sri Lanka

During the 14th century, the Jaffna Kingdom known as Aryachakravarti, was the most powerful royal force on the island. The kingdom's origins are unknown, but may have started around 1200. It finally fell to the Portuguese conquest in 1619 despite attempts by the last king Cankili II to win it back.

Independence Day of the Republic of Sri Lanka

A Day of Celebration: Sri Lanka National / Independence Day The Independence Day in Sri Lanka is celebrated annually on the 4th February. Sri Lanka gained Independence from the British on February 4, 1948. The day is a national holiday in Sri Lanka. It is celebrated all over the country with flag-hoisting ceremonies, dances, parades and cultural performances. The main celebrations take place in Colombo. Here the President raises the national flag and delivers a speech at a nationally televised event. Many struggles were made in the history of Sri Lanka for the cause of freedom. And on the Independence Day all of those who fought for this are remembered and celebrated. But the independence movement against the British is especially recalled. In the President’s speech, he highlights the achievements of the government during the past year, raises important issues and requests the people to join together in commemorating this historic day. The President also pays tribute to the national heroes of Sri Lanka, observing two minutes of silence in their memory. A great military parade is also performed. In recent years it showcased the power of the army, navy, air force, police and the civil defense force. And the commitment, bravery, national unity and determination to achieve peace is recollected in the minds of the Sri Lankan people. The History of Peace: Sri Lanka National / Independence Day D.S. Senanayake became the first Prime Minister of Sri Lanka after we got the independence from the British in 1948. He emerged as the leader of the Sri Lankan independence movement that lead to the establishment of self-rule in Sri Lanka. The legal head of State was Queen Elizabeth’s governor at that time. The first President of Sri Lanka was William Gopallawa in 1972. This replaced the Governor’s role. Until 1972, Ceylon was a Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II as the head of state and Queen of Ceylon.

Welcome back to the paradise island of Sri Lanka

Welcome back to the paradise island of Sri Lanka. As we open our doors to the world once again ; we’ve pulled out all the stops, ensuring that every precautionary measure has been set in place to make your island getaway as safe, secure and serene as possible. In your preparation to explore the wild and wonderful, we’d like to bring your attention to the ‘things you need to know ‘ for your safety as you make your way to an amazing time that is So Sri Lanka!

Sri Lanka Tourism

Sri Lanka is a paradise of unlimited sun, sea, sand and surf all year round. Sri Lanka is never out of season for a beach holiday. There is always some part of the beach that has friendly and warm waters. Known as the “Pearl of the Indian Ocean”, Sri Lanka is a land with fascinating golden, sandy Beaches that attract many tourists to the country. The island is blessed with 103 rivers, rushing down rocky precipices forming a number of roaring Waterfalls of various shapes and heights, all ending up in the Indian Ocean. Only a few of Sri Lanka’s waterfalls can be viewed with ease, where as the others can only be seen by penetrating thick forests and tea plantations.

Zapraszamy na kolejne międzynarodowe spotkanie online z cyklu Biznes Bez Granic E-TRADE WEEK SRI LANKA – POLAND 2020

E-Trade Week Sri Lanka – Poland daje możliwość indywidualnych, bezkosztowych spotkań z producentami najwyższej jakości produktów ze Sri Lanki. Spotkania online B2B organizowane są pod patronatem JE Cahm Wijeratne, Ambasadora Republiki Sri Lanki, pana Jacka Czauderny, Konsula Honorowego Sri Lanki oraz Urzędu Marszałkowskiego Województwa Pomorskiego. Inicjatorem Trade Week Sri Lanka – Poland są pan Jacek Czauderna Konsul Honorowy Republiki Sri Lanki, we współpracy z Warszawską Izbą Gospodarczą.

The Honorary Consulate of Sri Lanka was opened in Gdańsk. The only one in northern Poland

It will allow to tighten business contacts and economic cooperation, enable student exchanges and advertise Gdańsk in South Asia - these are, in a nutshell, the tasks of the Honorary Consulate of Sri Lanka. The newly opened facility is currently the only one of its kind actively operating in Poland. It is located on the Granary Island, at ul. Chmielna 26. The official inauguration of the consulate's activities took place on Friday, September 11.

Wizyta Ambasadora Sri Lanki

Ambasador Demokratyczno-Socjalistycznej Republiki Sri Lanki - JE Chandrasekara Atapattu Herath Mudiyanselage Wijeratne był dziś gościem Wojewody Pomorskiego Dariusza Drelicha. Była to pierwsza wizyta ambasadora w Pomorskiem. Ambasadorowi towarzyszył Jacek Czauderna, konsul honorowy. Listy uwierzytelniające Prezydentowi RP - Ambasador Sri Lanki złożył w styczniu ubiegłego roku. Ambasador jest z wykształcenia prawnikiem, piastował m.in. funkcję ambasadora Sri Lanki w Kuwejcie.

72nd Independence Ceremony – Embassy of Sri Lanka, Warsaw

The Embassy of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka in Warsaw celebrated the 72nd anniversary of Independence on the 08th of February 2020 at the Embassy premises with the participation of the Sri Lankan community living in Poland and the Embassy officials and their families. The official ceremony proceedings commenced with the hoisting of the National Flag by Ambassador CAHM Wijeratna to the accompaniment of “Magul Bera”, followed by singing of the National Anthem.

Annual Meeting of Student of the Department of Oriental Studies at the University Warsaw

HE CAHM Wijeratne, Ambassador presented a few copies of  Alina Krecisz’s book on history of a travel of two famous Poles to Ceylon and her travel to Sri Lanka after one hundred years ago to Dean, Faculty members of the Faculty of Oriental Studies and to the Library during the 25th Annual meeting of Diplomats from Asia and Africa with incoming freshmen held at the Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Warsaw on 23 Jan 2020.

Organizacje i instytucje kultury