Independence Day of the Republic of Albania
Albania, country in southern Europe, located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula on the Strait of Otranto, the southern entrance to the Adriatic Sea. The capital city is Tirana (Tiranë). Albanians refer to themselves as shqiptarë—often taken to mean “sons of eagles,” though it may well refer to “those associated with the shqip (i.e., Albanian) language”—and to their country as Shqipëria. They generally consider themselves to be descendants of the ancient Illyrians, who lived in central Europe and migrated southward to the territory of Albania at the beginning of the Bronze Age, about 2000 bce. They have lived in relative isolation and obscurity through most of their difficult history, in part because of the rugged terrain of their mountainous land but also because of a complex of historical, cultural, and social factors. Because of its location on the Adriatic and Ionian seas, Albania has long served as a bridgehead for various nations and empires seeking conquest abroad. In the 2nd century bce the Illyrians were conquered by the Romans, and from the end of the 4th century ce they were ruled by the Byzantine Empire. After suffering centuries of invasion by Visigoths, Huns, Bulgars, and Slavs, the Albanians were finally conquered by the Ottoman Turks in the 15th century. Ottoman rule cut off Albania from Western civilization for more than four centuries, but in the late 19th century the country began to remove itself from Ottoman influence and to rediscover old affinities and common interests with the West. Albania was declared independent in 1912, but the following year the demarcation of its boundaries by the great powers of Europe (Austria-Hungary, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and Russia) assigned about half its territory and people to neighbouring states. Ruled as a monarchy between the World Wars, Albania emerged from the violence of World War II as a communist state that fiercely protected its sovereignty and in which almost all aspects of life were controlled by the ruling party. But with the collapse of other communist regimes beginning in 1989, new social forces and democratic political parties emerged in Albania. That shift reflected the country’s continuing orientation toward the West, and it accorded with the Albanian people’s long-standing appreciation of Western technology and cultural achievements—even while retaining their own ethnic identity, cultural heritage, and individuality. Land of Albania Albania is bounded by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east, Greece to the southeast and south, and the Adriatic and Ionian seas to the west and southwest, respectively. Albania’s immediate western neighbour, Italy, lies some 50 miles (80 km) across the Adriatic Sea. Albania has a length of about 210 miles (340 km) and a width of about 95 miles (150 km). Relief Albania has a mountainous geography. About three-fourths of its territory consists of mountains and hills with elevations of more than 650 feet (200 metres) above sea level; the remainder consists of coastal and alluvial lowlands. The North Albanian Alps, an extension of the Dinaric Alps, cover the northern part of the country. With elevations approaching 8,900 feet (2,700 metres), this is the most rugged part of the country. It is heavily forested and sparsely populated. In contrast to the Alps, the central mountain region, which extends north-south from the Drin River to the central Devoll and lower Osum rivers, is more densely populated and has a generally less rugged terrain. In the region’s easternmost portion, the imposing gypsum block of Albania’s highest peak, Mount Korab, rises to 9,030 feet (2,752 metres). South of the central mountain region is a series of northwest-southeast-trending mountain ranges with elevations up to 8,200 feet (2,500 metres). Composed of limestone rock, the ranges are separated by wide valleys. Unlike the Alps and the central region, which are covered with dense forests, the mountains of the southern region are either bare or have a thin covering of Mediterranean shrubs, oaks, and pines. They serve essentially as pasture for livestock. Stretching along the Adriatic coast over a distance of nearly 125 miles (200 km) and penetrating some 30 miles (50 km) into the interior are the low, fertile plains of western Albania. This is the most important agricultural and industrial region of the country—and the most densely populated. Drainage The longest river in Albania is the Drin (about 175 miles [280 km]), which originates in Kosovo. Other main rivers are the Seman, Shkumbin, and Vjosë, all of which drain the central part of the western plains. Albania also has many lakes, the most important of which are Lake Scutari (known in Albania as Lake Shkodër) in the northwest and Lakes Ohrid and Prespa along the eastern border. Climate of Albania Like other Mediterranean countries, Albania has characteristically warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Local climatic variation can occur, however, from one region to another. The western part of the country, which is under the influence of warm maritime air from the Adriatic and Ionian seas, has more-moderate temperatures than the rest of Albania. For example, Sarandë, on the southern coast, has average daily temperatures in the mid-70s F (about 24 °C) in July and in the upper 40s F (about 9 °C) in January. The eastern part of the country, on the other hand, is mainly under the influence of continental air and is characterized by mild summers (owing to the high elevations) and cold winters. Peshkopi, in the eastern mountains, has temperatures that average in the mid-70s F in July and in the lower 30s F (about −1 °C) in January. Rainfall in Albania is abundant, but it occurs unevenly across the country and throughout the year. Average annual precipitation varies from more than 100 inches (2,500 mm) in the North Albanian Alps to less than 30 inches (760 mm) along much of the eastern border. Some 40 percent of the annual precipitation falls in the winter. The southwestern part of the country suffers from summer droughts. Plant and animal life Only a small part of Albania is completely without vegetation. Forests cover about one-third of the total area. The coastal lowlands are characterized by Mediterranean shrubs such as laurel and myrtle. Above the lowlands, oak forests predominate. Above the oak belt, beginning at about 3,000 feet (900 metres), is a stretch of beeches and pines, and Alpine pastures lie above the timberline. Unrestricted hunting has taken a heavy toll of Albanian wildlife, but hunting laws were introduced and nature preserves were established in the 1990s to protect the remaining jackals, wolves, and foxes and the even rarer wild boars, bears, and chamois. The mild coastal climate attracts great numbers of migratory birds, such as swallows, storks, ducks, geese, and pelicans. Sardines and mullet are among the fishes found in Albanian coastal waters, and trout are found in the streams and lakes of the mountains. More … Score: https://www.britannica.com/place/Albania
Ambassador Mrs. Shpresa Kureta received in a meeting the Commander of the Albanian Special Operations Forces
The Ambassador of Albania in Poland, Mrs. Shpresa Kureta, received in a meeting the Commander of the Albanian Special Operations Forces, Lieutenant Colonel Ajet Jata, who participated in the International Symposium of Special Operations Forces (GSOF), held in Warsaw, Poland. The meeting was also attended by the Military Attaché, Colonel Dilaver Hoxha, and the First Secretary of Embassy, Mr. Shkëlzen Macukulli.
Ambassador Mrs. Shpresa Kureta meets with Polish Foreign Minister Zbigniew Rau
On 19 March 2021, the Ambassador of the Republic of Albania, Mrs. Shpresa Kureta met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, H.E. Zbigniew Rau. During the meeting was discussed, Albania's European integration process and praised Poland's unwavering support for it, holding the 3rd Session of the Tirana Conference, as well as political and economic issues of mutual interest. Ambassador Mrs. Shpresa Kureta praised Poland's support on the reconstruction process after the earthquake that hit Albania on 26 November 2019, as well as the support shown during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Spotkanie Marszałek Sejmu z Ambasador Albanii
Ambasador Albanii w Polsce Shpresa Kureta złożyła we wtorek 16 marca wizytę u marszałek Sejmu Elżbiety Witek. Spotkanie poświęcone było omówieniu dotychczasowej współpracy parlamentarnej. Poruszona została także kwestia europejskich aspiracji Albanii i innych partnerów z Bałkanów Zachodnich.
Meeting with Polish counterpart/Xhaçka: Integration of the Western Balkans, strategic importance for the EU
Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, Olta Xhaçka, this Friday had an online meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, Zbigniew Rau.
Independence Day (Albanian: Dita e Pavarësisë) is an annual public holiday in Albania on November 28th each year. If the holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, it will be observed on the following Monday. This is Albania's National Day and commemorates the date when Albania proclaimed its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912. It is the first day of a two-day holiday period as Independence Day is always followed by on 29 November 29th. History of Albanian Independence Day At the start of the fifteenth century, the Ottoman Empire was expanding into South-Eastern Europe, invading and controlling numerous lands ruled by local kingdoms. By 1431, the Ottomans ruled most of modern-day Albania. In 1443, a local revolt was led by a deserter from the Ottomans called Skanderbeg. His heroic military campaigns to defend Albania against the might of the Ottoman Empire meant that he became a national hero to the Albanians. It is often said that Skandberg's stand against the Ottomans may have prevented further expansion by the empire into more western regions of Europe. Following Skanderbeg's death, Albania fell back under Ottoman control in 1479 and it remained a part of the Ottoman Empire until just before the start of the first world war. In the late nineteenth century, a wave of desire for nationhood had been sweeping across Eastern Europe and while Albania enjoyed a privileged position within the empire, it too was stirred into the various uprising against Ottoman rule. With the Ottomans having been weakened by the defeat in the Balkan Wars, an Albanian uprising of 1912 led to the proclamation of independence by Ismail Qemali, the leader of the Albanian national movement, on November 28th 1912. Independence Day is marked by a festive parade in Tirana, the capital.
The newly-appointed Republic of Albania military attaché, Colonel Dilaver Hoxha, held accreditation meetings in the defense institutions of the Republic of Poland
On September 23 and 25, 2020, Colonel Dilaver Hoxha, the newly-appointed military attaché, conducted the accreditation tour in the main institutions of defense of the Republic of Poland. At the Ministry of Defense, the reception was hosted by Mrs. Anna Kostiuk, Director of the Department of Military Foreign Affairs, followed by a meeting with the First Deputy Chief of General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces, Lieutenant General, Mikutel Tadeusz.
Minister kultury prof. Piotr Gliński spotkał się z minister kultury Albanii
Polsko-albańska współpraca w obszarze kultury oraz kwestia ewentualnego dalszego wsparcia po tragicznym trzęsieniu Ziemi w Albanii – m.in. o tym rozmawiali dziś wicepremier, minister kultury prof. Piotr Gliński oraz minister kultury Albanii Elva Margariti. Celem wizyty minister Margariti w Polsce jest udział w spotkaniu Gremiów Europejskiej Sieci Pamięć i Solidarność (ESPS), które rozpocznie się 6 lutego 2020 roku w Warszawie i potrwa 2 dni. Albania od 2015 roku posiada status kraju-obserwatora Sieci. Spotkanie ministrów kultury Polski i Albanii odbyło się w siedzibie Ministerstwa Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego.
Ambassador Mrs. Shpresa Kureta meets with Deputy Marshal of the Sejm, Mr. Ryszard Terlecki
On 30 January 2020, the Ambassador of the Republic of Albania, Mrs. Shpresa Kureta held a meeting with the Deputy Marshal of the Sejm, Mr. Ryszard Terlecki. Ambassador Kureta and Deputy Marshall of the Sejm, discussed on the visit of Mr. Terlecki to Albania, the possibilities of cooperation in the tourism sector, which was agreed to be an added value in the relations between Albania and Poland.
Skanderbeg's film projected at the University of Warsaw
On 24 January 2020, on the International Day of Education, at the University of Warsaw was projected the film on the Albanian National Hero, Gjergj Kastrioti-Skanderbeg. This event was organized by the Student's Club of the Chair of Eastern European Studies and the Associate Professor, Mr. Rigels Halili, supported by the Embassy of the Republic of Albania, aiming at bringing Polish students of the University of Warsaw closer to the history of the Albanian National Hero and their awareness on the earthquake that affected Albania on 26 November 2019, for which a fundraising initiative was undertaken by the students, called "Gur Gur bëhet Mur".
Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs invites Albanians at home and abroad, partners, associations and businesses, to offer their contribution in this moment of solidarity to the families and citizens in need, who were affected by the earthquake. #ShqipëriaSolidare. To help all the families, affected by November, 26th earthquake, several bank accounts were made available by the Government of Albania.