St. Patrick's Day Republic of Ireland
Ireland, Irish Éire, country of western Europe occupying five-sixths of the westernmost major island of the British Isles. The magnificent scenery of Ireland’s Atlantic coastline faces a 2,000-mile- (3,200-km-) wide expanse of ocean, and its geographic isolation has helped it to develop a rich heritage of culture and tradition that was linked initially to the Gaelic language. Washed by abundant rain, the country’s pervasive grasslands create a green-hued landscape that is responsible for the popular sobriquet Emerald Isle. Ireland is also renowned for its wealth of folklore, from tales of tiny leprechauns with hidden pots of gold to that of the patron saint, Patrick, with his legendary ridding the island of snakes and his reputed use of the three-leaved shamrock as a symbol for the Christian Trinity. But while many may think of Ireland as an enchanted land, the republic has been beset with perennial concerns—emigration, cultural and political identity, and relations with Northern Ireland (comprising the 6 of Ireland’s 32 counties within the province of Ulster that remain part of the United Kingdom). At the beginning of the 21st century, Ireland’s long-standing economic problems were abating, owing to its diverse export-driven economy, but calamity struck again in 2008 when a new financial and economic crisis befell the country, culminating in a very costly bailout of the Irish economy by the European Union (EU) and the International Monetary Fund. The emergence of Ireland as an independent country is a fairly recent phenomenon. Until the 17th century, political power was widely shared among a rather loosely constructed network of small earldoms in often-shifting alliances. Following the so-called “Flight of the Earls” after an unsuccessful uprising in the early 17th century, Ireland effectively became an English colony. It was formally incorporated into the United Kingdom in 1801. A 1914 Home Rule Act was passed but never implemented due to pro-union militancy in the north, the onset of World War I, and the subsequent Irish War of Independence. In 1920 the island was effectively partitioned with the creation of Northern Ireland, a six-county area with devolved powers within the United Kingdom, whereas under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 6, 1921, the other 26 counties became the Irish Free State, a self-governing dominion within the British Commonwealth and Empire. In 1937 the southern state passed a new constitution that offered a more robust expression of sovereignty, and in 1949 it formally left the Commonwealth as the Republic of Ireland. Since then Ireland has become integrated with the rest of western Europe. It joined the European Economic Community (forerunner of the EU) in 1973. Though the country generally retained a neutral role in international affairs, in 2008 Ireland became an impediment to the enactment of the Lisbon Treaty—an agreement aimed at streamlining the EU’s processes and giving it a higher international profile—when the Irish voted against the passage of the treaty in a national referendum. The treaty, however, was approved by Irish voters in a second referendum, held the following year. Explore the history of the Irish people and the impact of the mass emigration in America during the 19th-century famine Overview of the people of Ireland, with a focus on the impact of the mass emigration to the United States during the 19th century. Dependent on agriculture, Ireland was long among Europe’s poorest regions, a principal cause of mass migration from Ireland, especially during the cycle of famine in the 19th century. Some 40 million Americans trace their ancestry to Ireland as a result of that traumatic exodus, as do millions of others throughout the world. Every year members of this diaspora visit their ancestral homeland and forge connections with long-lost family. Ireland’s capital is Dublin, a populous and affluent city whose metropolitan area is home to more than one-fourth of the country’s total population. The city’s old dockside neighbourhoods have given way to new residential and commercial development. Cork, Ireland’s second largest city, is a handsome cathedral city and port in the southwest. Other principal centres include Waterford, Wexford, and Drogheda on the east coast, Sligo in the northwest, and Limerick and Galway in the west. Although Ireland is now both urbanized and Europeanized, its culture retains many unique characteristics, and its people prize folkloric and social traditions that largely derive from and celebrate the country’s rural past. In “Meditations in Time of Civil War” William Butler Yeats, perhaps Ireland’s best-known poet, evokes the idyllic and idealized countryside, a place central to the memories of the country’s millions of expatriates and their descendants: An acre of stony ground, Where the symbolic rose can break in flower, Old ragged elms, old thorns innumerable, The sound of the rain or sound Of every wind that blows; The stilted water-hen Crossing stream again Scared by the splashing of a dozen cows. Land The republic of Ireland occupies the greater part of an island lying to the west of Great Britain, from which it is separated—at distances ranging from 11 to 120 miles (18 to 193 km)—by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St. George’s Channel. Located in the temperate zone between latitudes 51°30′ and 55°30′ N and longitudes 6°00′ and 10°30′ W—as far north as Labrador or British Columbia in Canada and as far west as the West African state of Liberia—it constitutes the westernmost outpost of the Atlantic fringe of the Eurasian landmass (the absolute extreme of which is Tearaght Island, the westernmost member of the Blasket Islands, which lie off the Dingle Peninsula and are part of County Kerry). Ireland, which, like Great Britain, once formed part of this landmass, lies on the European continental shelf, surrounded by seas that are generally less than 650 feet (200 metres) deep. The greatest distance from north to south in the island is 302 miles (486 km), and from east to west it is 171 miles (275 km). Relief The territory of the republic consists of a broad and undulating central plain underlain by limestone. This plain is ringed almost completely by coastal highlands, which vary considerably in geologic structure. The flatness of the central lowland—which lies for the most part between 200 and 400 feet (60 and 120 metres) above sea level—is relieved in many places by low hills between 600 and 1,000 feet (180 to 300 metres) in elevation. With many lakes, large bog areas, and low ridges, the lowland is very scenic. The principal mountain ranges are the Blue Stack Mountains in the north, the Wicklow Mountains in the east (topped by Lugnaquillia, at 3,039 feet [926 metres]), the Knockmealdown and Comeragh mountains in the south, the Macgillycuddy’s Reeks in the southwest, and the Twelve Pins in the west. Carrantuohill, at 3,414 feet (1,041 metres) in the Macgillycuddy’s Reeks, is the highest point in the republic. In the west and southwest the wild and beautiful coast is heavily indented where the mountains of Donegal, Mayo, Galway, and Kerry thrust out into the Atlantic, separated by deep wide-mouthed bays, some of which—Bantry Bay and Dingle Bay, for example—are, in fact, drowned river valleys. By contrast, the east coast is little indented, but most of the country’s trade passes through its ports because of their proximity to British and Continental markets. The coastal mountain fringe illustrates the country’s complex geologic history. In the west and northwest as well as in the east, the mountains are composed mainly of granite. Old Red Sandstone predominates in the south, where the parallel folded mountain ridges trend east-west, separated by limestone river valleys. Ireland experienced at least two general glaciations—one covering most of the country and the other extending as far south as a line linking Limerick, Cashel, and Dublin—and the characteristic diversity of Irish scenery owes much to this glacial influence. The large areas of peat bog to be found throughout the country are a notable feature of the landscape. More … Score: https://www.britannica.com/place/Ireland
Wykład otwierający cykl spotkań „Oswajanie Joyce’a”
Ambasador O’Connell miała przyjemność wygłosić wykład otwierający cykl spotkań „Oswajanie Joyce’a”! Zachęcamy do wysłuchania nagrania Wspaniale jest widzieć tak duże zainteresowanie Jamesem Joyce'em w całej, a czeka nas jeszcze wiele innych atrakcji związanych z rocznicą wydania „Ulissesa”, w tym i przyszłym roku!
Czy czytaliście sagę o Artemisie Fowlu?
Ta uwielbiana seria książek poruszyła wyobraźnię milionów ludzi na całym świecie dzięki połączeniu 🇮🇪 mitologii, futurystycznej technologii i porywającej akcji. Miejsce powieści zainspirowane było rodzimym dla autora Eoina Colfera hrabstwem Wexford, a Loftus Hall, imponująca rezydencja na półwyspie Hook, to prototyp dworu Fowlów!
Wiecie, że dzieła Jamesa Joyce’a dostępne są w języku polskim?
Bardzo nas cieszy, że czytelnicy w Polsce spędzają czas z jednym z wielkich Irlandzkich pisarzy!
"Poems in the City" project in Warsaw
The Embassy of Ireland has been involved in the Poems in the City project for many years now, alongside partners in EUNIC Warsaw. The aim of this initiative is to bring European poetry to the urban space of Warsaw. This campaign is intended to reach out to those who do not read poetry on a regular basis, making poems available in many ordinary places, such as grocery stores, hairdressers, on the metro or at the bus stop, to be seen by everyone. Each edition has closed with a public reading where each of the poems can be experienced in person, both in Polish and in the original language.
St. Patrick’s Day in Poland 2021
The global celebration of St Patrick’s Day on 17 March is truly unique. While this year will be different, it is a welcome opportunity for the Irish community here in Poland to celebrate and renew their bonds with Ireland. You do not need to be Irish or have Irish ancestry to be part of this community. We keep within it a special place for all our friends in Poland who share with us a love of Ireland and all things Irish.
Spotkanie z Panią Ambasador
Wraz z innymi polskimi szkołami 11 grudnia 2020 roku wzięliśmy udział w spotkaniu online z Panią Ambasador Irlandii w Polsce, Emer O’Connell. Jak sama przyznaje, Pani Ambasador jest głosem Irlandczyków w naszym kraju, promuje współpracę Irlandii i Polski w Unii Europejskiej, a także gorąco popularyzuje kulturę Zielonej Wyspy.
Wizyta Ambasador Irlandii w Łodzi
W czwartek, 24 września br. odbyła się wizyta Jej Ekscelencji Emer O’Connell , Ambasador Irlandii w Polsce. Była to pierwsza oficjalna wizyta J.E. Emer O’Connell w naszym mieście. Pani Ambasador miała okazję zapoznać się z historią miasta oraz kluczowymi dla miasta projektami, zarówno tymi będącymi już w trakcie realizacji, jak i tymi zaplanowanymi na najbliższe miesiące.
For a small country, Ireland has made a big impact. We've given the world saints and scholars, artists and entrepreneurs, scientists and sporting heroes. We've built a reputation for innovation, hard work and determination but we've still kept our inimitable outlook on life. Ireland is unique - let us show you why...
Tanaiste Simon Coveney pledges support to the UN Agency for Palestine Refugees
The Tanaiste and Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade Simon Coveney T.D. today pledged an additional €1 million in support for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) at a virtual Extraordinary Pledging Conference attended by the UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres. The additional funds bring Ireland’s contribution to the agency to €7 million in 2020. UNRWA addresses the humanitarian and development needs of 5.6 million Palestine refugees and provides them with emergency assistance in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the West Bank and Gaza Strip.