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The Proclamation of Independence of Barbados

Barbados, island country in the southeastern Caribbean Sea, situated about 100 miles (160 km) east of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Roughly triangular in shape, the island measures some 20 miles (32 km) from northwest to southeast and about 15 miles (25 km) from east to west at its widest point. The capital and largest town is Bridgetown, which is also the main seaport. The geographic position of Barbados has profoundly influenced the island’s history and culture and aspects of its economic life. Barbados is not part of the nearby archipelago of the Lesser Antilles, although it is usually grouped with it. The island is of different geologic formation; it is less mountainous and has less variety in plant and animal life. As the first Caribbean landfall from Europe and Africa, Barbados has functioned since the late 17th century as a major link between western Europe (mainly Great Britain), eastern Caribbean territories, and parts of the South American mainland. The island was a British possession without interruption from the 17th century to 1966, when it attained independence. Because of its long association with Britain, the culture of Barbados is probably more British than is that of any other Caribbean island, though elements of the African culture of the majority population have been prominent. Since independence, cultural nationalism has been fostered as part of the process of nation-building. Land The rocks underlying Barbados consist of sedimentary deposits, including thick shales, clays, sands, and conglomerates, laid down approximately 70 million years ago. Above these rocks are chalky deposits, which were capped with coral before the island rose to the surface. A layer of coral up to 300 feet (90 metres) thick covers the island, except in the northeast physiographic region known as the Scotland District, which covers about 15 percent of the area, where erosion has removed the coral cover. The government has adopted a conservation plan to prevent further erosion. Relief, drainage, and soils Mount Hillaby, the highest point in Barbados, rises to 1,102 feet (336 metres) in the north-central part of the island. To the west the land drops down to the sea in a series of terraces. East from Mount Hillaby, the land declines sharply to the rugged upland of the Scotland District. Southward, the highlands descend steeply to the broad St. Georges Valley; between the valley and the sea the land rises to 400 feet (120 metres) to form Christ Church Ridge. Coral reefs surround most of the island. Sewerage systems were installed in the late 20th century to address the threat to the reefs from runoff of fertilizers and untreated waste. There are no significant rivers or lakes and only a few streams, springs, and ponds. Rainwater percolates quickly through the underlying coralline limestone cap, draining into underground streams, which are the main source of the domestic water supply. A desalination plant provides additional fresh water. Barbados has mainly residual soils. They are clayey and rich in lime and phosphates. Soil type varies with elevation; thin black soils occur on the coastal plains, and more-fertile yellow-brown or red soils are usually found in the highest parts of the coral limestone. Climate of Barbados The climate of Barbados is generally pleasant. The temperature does not usually rise above the mid-80s F (about 30 °C) or fall below the low 70s F (about 22 °C). There are two seasons: the dry season, from early December to May, and the wet season, which lasts for the rest of the year. Average rainfall is about 60 inches (1,525 mm) annually, but, despite the small size of the island, rainfall varies, rising from the low-lying coastal areas to the high central district. Barbados lies in the southern border of the Caribbean hurricane (tropical cyclone) zone, and hurricanes have caused great devastation, notably in 1780, 1831, 1898, and 1955. Plant and animal life Very little of the original vegetation remains on Barbados; the pale green of cultivated sugarcane has become the characteristic colour of the landscape. Tropical trees, including poinciana, mahogany, frangipani, and cabbage palm, are widespread, and flowering shrubs adorn parks and gardens. The few wild animals, such as monkeys, hares, and mongooses, are considered pests by farmers. Birds include doves, hummingbirds, sparrows, egrets, and yellow breasts. Marine life includes flying fish, sprats, green dolphins, kingfish, barracudas, mackerels, and parrot fish. People - Ethnic groups and languages People of African descent and of mixed African-European descent make up more than nine-tenths of the population. A small fraction of the population is of European (mainly British) descent, and there is an even smaller number of inhabitants who originated from the Indian subcontinent. There are small groups of Syrians, Lebanese, and Chinese. There is also a sizable expatriate community—primarily from the United States and Great Britain—made up of international civil servants, businesspersons, and retirees. English is the official language, and a nonstandard English called Bajan is also spoken. More … Score: https://www.britannica.com/place/Barbados

The Proclamation of Independence

Duchess Wowed By Barbados' Remarkable Women

Her Royal Highness, The Duchess of Cornwall poses with the Founder of Women of the World (WOW), Jude Kelly (front row, fourth right) and outstanding Barbadian women who attended the Women of the World Think-In at Ilaro Court including Dame Mazie Barker Welch (front row, second left), Ambassador-at-Large, Dame Billie Miller (front row, third left) and centenarian, Dame Avis Carrington (front row, third right). (Photo: T. King/Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Lionel Richie Is Prince's Trust New Ambassador

New Global Ambassador for the Prince’s Trust International, Lionel Richie in discussion with HRH The Prince of Wales at yesterday’s reception at the Coral Reef Club Hotel. (BGIS)

BIDC Leads Trade Mission To St. Lucia

Nine Barbadian companies are currently on a trade mission to St. Lucia, which is being led by the Barbados Investment and Development Corporation (BIDC).

PM Signs Condolence Book For New Zealand

Prime Minister Mia Amor Mottley signing the Condolence Book at Government Headquarters, for the Government and people of New Zealand, following the mass shooting at two mosques there. (C.Pitt/BGIS)

Barbados Completes Renewable Energy Project

Minister of Energy and Water Resources, Wilfred Abrahams (centre); Ambassador of the UAE to Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti and Representative of the UAE in the Association of Caribbean States, Bader Al-Matrooshi (right); and Ambassador of France to Barbados, Philippe Ardanaz (left) in discussion while in the background is the UAE/BWA solar photovoltaic project at Bowmanston pumping station in St. John. (S.Forde/BGIS)

Royals Attend Church Service

The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall at a church service at The Cathedral Church of Saint Michael and All Angels this morning. (BGIS)

More Investment Flowing In For Barbados

From left to right: Chairman of Sagicor Financial Corporation Ltd, Stephen McNamara; Group Chief Operating Officer at Sagicor Life Inc., Barbados, Rambarran; Minister of Small Business, Entrepreneurship and Commerce, Dwight Sutherland; Prime Minister Mia Amor Mottley and Executive Vice President and General Manager of Sagicor Life Inc., Barbados Operations, Edward Clarke symbolically turning the sod at the launch of The Estates at St.George. (GP)

Organizacje i instytucje kultury